According to the American Psychological Association , sexual orientation refers to heterosexuality, homosexuality and bisexuality — not paraphilias such as pedophilia. Moreover, even if pedophiles, for example, were protected under a hate crime law — and such a law has not been suggested or contemplated anywhere — that would not legalize or "protect" pedophilia. Pedophilia is illegal sexual activity, and a law that more severely punished people who attacked pedophiles would not change that. THE ARGUMENT Anti-gay groups have been adamantly opposed to allowing gay men and lesbians to serve openly in the armed forces, not only because of their purported fear that combat readiness will be undermined, but because the military has long been considered the purest meritocracy in America the armed forces were successfully racially integrated long before American civil society, for example.
If gays serve honorably and effectively in this meritocracy, that suggests that there is no rational basis for discriminating against them in any way. At the same time, gays and lesbians have served openly for years in the armed forces of 25 countries as of , including Britain, Israel, South Africa, Canada and Australia, according to a report released by the Palm Center, a policy think tank at the University of California at Santa Barbara. The Palm Center report concluded that lifting bans against openly gay service personnel in these countries "ha[s] had no negative impact on morale, recruitment, retention, readiness or overall combat effectiveness.
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But a review of that poll by the Palm Center suggested a wide disparity between what soldiers said they would do and their actual actions. Yet when those countries lifted bans on gays serving openly, virtually no one left the service for that reason. Despite the fact that gay men and lesbians have been serving openly in the military since September , anti-LGBT groups continue to claim that openly gay personnel are causing problems in the military, including claims of sexual abuse by gay and lesbian soldiers of straight soldiers.
According to then-Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta in , the repeal of DADT was being implemented effectively and was having no impact on readiness, unit cohesion or morale.
MYTH 8 Gay people are more prone to be mentally ill and to abuse drugs and alcohol. The most frequently used secular argument made by anti-LGBT groups in that regard is that homosexuality is inherently unhealthy, both mentally and physically. Some of these groups, including the particularly hard-line Traditional Values Coalition , claim that "homosexual activists" managed to infiltrate the APA in order to sway its decision. The American Psychological Association states that being gay is just as healthy as being straight, and noted that the s-era work of Dr.
Evelyn Hooker started to dismantle this myth. Studies of judgment, stability, reliability, and social and vocational adaptiveness all show that gay men and lesbians function every bit as well as heterosexuals. The American Psychiatric Association states that PDF; may not open in all browsers homosexuality is not a mental disorder and that all major professional health organizations are on record as confirming that.
The organization removed homosexuality from its official diagnostic manual in after extensive review of the scientific literature and consultation with experts, who concluded that homosexuality is not a mental illness. Though it is true that LGBT people tend to suffer higher rates of anxiety, depression, and depression-related illnesses and behaviors like alcohol and drug abuse than the general population, that is due to the historical social stigmatization of homosexuality and violence directed at LGBT people, not because of homosexuality itself.
Studies done during the past several years have determined that it is the stress of being a member of a minority group in an often-hostile society — and not LGBT identity itself — that accounts for the higher levels of mental illness and drug use. Richard J. Wolitski, an expert on minority status and public health issues at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, put it like this in : "Economic disadvantage, stigma, and discrimination Even as early as , external stressors were recognized as a potential cause of emotional distress of LGBT people.
In , a study , conducted by several researchers at major universities and the Rand Corporation, found that LGBT people living in highly anti-LGBT communities and circumstances face serious health concerns and even premature death because of social stigmatization and exclusion. One of the researchers, Dr. Homosexuality is not a mental illness or emotional problem and being LGBT does not cause someone to be mentally ill, contrary to what anti-LGBT organizations say.
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Rather, social stigmatization and prejudice appear to contribute to health disparities in the LGBT population, which include emotional and psychological distress and harmful coping mechanisms. But if people are born gay — in the same way that people have no choice as to whether they are black or white — discrimination against gay men and lesbians would be vastly more difficult to justify.
Thus, anti-gay forces insist that sexual orientation is a behavior that can be changed, not an immutable characteristic. THE FACTS Modern science cannot state conclusively what causes sexual orientation, but a great many studies suggest that it is the result of both biological and environmental forces, not a personal "choice. Qazi Rahman, study co-author and a leading scientist on human sexual orientation, said: "This study puts cold water on any concerns that we are looking for a single 'gay gene' or a single environmental variable which could be used to 'select out' homosexuality — the factors which influence sexual orientation are complex.
And we are not simply talking about homosexuality here — heterosexual behaviour is also influenced by a mixture of genetic and environmental factors. Regardless, the APA concludes that "most people experience little or no sense of choice about their sexual orientation. There are questions about what specifically causes sexual orientation in general, but most current science acknowledges that it is a complex mixture of biological, environmental, and possibly hormonal factors but that no one chooses an orientation.
This view is buttressed among religiously motivated anti-gay activists by the idea that homosexual practice is a sin and humans have the free will needed to reject sinful urges. A number of "ex-gay" religious ministries have sprung up in recent years with the aim of teaching gay people to become heterosexuals, and these have become prime purveyors of the claim that gays and lesbians, with the aid of mental therapy and Christian teachings, can "come out of homosexuality.
THE FACTS "Reparative" or sexual reorientation therapy — the pseudo-scientific foundation of the ex-gay movement — has been rejected by all the established and reputable American medical, psychological, psychiatric and professional counseling organizations. In , for instance, the American Psychological Association adopted a resolution , accompanied by a page report, that repudiated ex-gay therapy.
The report concluded that compelling evidence suggested that cases of individuals going from gay to straight were "rare" and that "many individuals continued to experience same-sex sexual attractions" after reparative therapy. The APA resolution added that "there is insufficient evidence to support the use of psychological interventions to change sexual orientation" and asked "mental health professionals to avoid misrepresenting the efficacy of sexual orientation change efforts by promoting or promising change in sexual orientation.
A very large number of professional medical, scientific and counseling organizations in the U. The top half is from this post , using Bureau of Labor Statistics data from this year. The bottom half is new, extending the debunking of the young-women-earn-more-than-young-men meme. At the same level of education, even among these oddly-sliced somethings — no kids, never married, full-time workers — women are not outearning men.
Filed under Me work. Tagged as gender equality , hanna rosin , media. I always thought that there was a bigger gap in the lower income brackets. I thought, for example, African-Americans and Hispanics had the biggest gaps. If her statement is true, do you have any ideas why?
Same-Sex Marriage and Parenting: Four Big Myths Debunked
Like Like. Check it out. What, though, is the trend in wages? Men obviously make more now , but the gap has been shrinking, no? Pingback: Educational endogamy a good Princeton word , ca. You are commenting using your WordPress. He pioneered the simplification of the papacy by dropping the royal "we," declining coronation with the papal tiara and discontinuing use of the sedia gestatoria , or portable throne.
In part, too, fascination with John Paul I endures because he's the great counter-factual of recent Catholic history: "What might have been had he lived? Sign up for Copy Desk Daily to receive a daily email with our latest news stories. One value of the events marking the centenary, therefore, is that they can help recover the "real" John Paul I, as opposed to misconceptions and hypothetical reconstructions that have flowered over the last 35 years. In particular, the remembrances we've heard during the last month seem to debunk four persistent myths:. Instead, Lorenzi said the day after his election, Luciani studied the Annuario , the Vatican's yearbook, to familiarize himself with the organizational chart, then set about taking things in hand.
He met regularly with the Secretary of State, Lorenzi said, and also had meetings with all the cardinals who headed Vatican departments. At the New York conference, writer Mo Guernon argued that Luciani's humility had nothing to do with fecklessness, and that he could summon some steel when the situation called for it. For instance, Guernon told a story of when Luciani was a bishop and one of his parishes chose a new pastor without consulting him. He responded by boldly entering the church and removing the Eucharist, refusing to return it until the situation was resolved.
In a similar vein, when some priests in Venice openly backed the liberalization of divorce in defiance of church teaching, Luciani disbanded the group and suspended the priests. As Guernon put it, that was "rather tough stuff from such a meek man. As a footnote, this episode lends context to a famous moment in when Paul VI visited Venice and put his stole around Luciani's shoulders.
Many observers thought Paul was indicating his successor, but in context, the pope was probably showing support for the embattled patriarch. Lorenzi also shot down the notion that Luciani's election was a bolt from the blue, a sort of rabbit-out-of-the-hat solution to a deadlock.
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For one thing, he said, Luciani knew going into the conclave of August that there was considerable talk about him. Indeed, Lorenzi said Luciani told him personally that if elected, he would decline, and that he had said the same thing to then-Fr. Prospero Grech, who's now a cardinal, noting that Paul VI's constitution allowed whoever's elected the right to refuse. In the end, however, Lorenzi said Luciani felt compelled to offer the same "yes" as when he had been named patriarch of Venice.
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Lorenzi said Luciani was familiar to the other cardinals from his contributions to the Synod of Bishops on evangelization in the modern world. That's also a reminder of the importance of synods of bishops. Since Paul VI created the synod in , all three subsequent popes first made a name for themselves during one of its sessions.
One hallmark of a John Paul I papacy may have been a desire for greater financial transparency, and Guernon suggested he had the spine to back it up. He told the story of a scandal in which two of Luciani's priests were caught embezzling church funds.
Luciani suspended the priests and wrote an open letter to the diocese explaining the situation, frankly acknowledging that "two of my priests have done wrong. He also sold off property owned by the diocese and also requested additional help from parishioners in order to balance the books. Overall, the image of John Paul I that emerges is of a pastorally minded figure who tried to hold a divided church together. At the New York event, his niece, Pia Luciani, recounted a time shortly after the Second Vatican Council when he was still the bishop of Vittorio Veneto, when he said to her the diocese actually contained people "of three councils":.
Her uncle, she implied, was in that second camp, but didn't want to just write off either the first or the third. Lorenzi said during his Sat interview that Benedict XVI actually reminds him of Luciani, both in terms of "physical stature," he said, and in terms of their core concern with the theological virtues of faith, hope and charity. Just as those were the subjects of Benedict's first encyclicals, Lorenzi said, they were also the topic of John Paul I's first homily as pope.
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The primary newsflash from the interview was another bit of continuity between John Paul I and the popes who followed him: a desire to heal the schism with the church's traditionalist wing. Lorenzi said John Paul I was keenly concerned about the breach with Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, who in had defied Pope Paul VI by ordaining priests despite having been asked not to do so. Lorenzi said John Paul I hoped to address the problem "as soon as possible" because the "unity of the church" concerned him "more than many other things which the press seemed interested in.
Joseph Ratzinger would become the archbishop of Munich and a cardinal:. In a Catholic Germany that he himself deplores as suffering, in part, from an anti-Roman and anti-papal complex, he has had the courage to proclaim loudly that 'the Lord should be sought where Peter is. Ratzinger appears to me to be the right kind of prophet. Not all those who write and speak today have the same courage. In order to want to go where others are going, for fear of not seeming modern, some of them accept only with cuts and restrictions the creed pronounced by Paul VI in at the closing of the Year of Faith; they criticize the papal documents; they talk constantly about ecclesial communion, but never about the pope as a necessary reference point for those who want to be in true communion with the church.