He was a leader of the American civil rights movement. He organized a number of peaceful protests as head of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference , including the famous March on Washington. In he won the Nobel Peace Prize, and, at the time, he was the youngest person to have done so.
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. » School of Theology | Boston University
King also advocated for nonviolent methods of protest. He organized and staged countless marches and boycotts during the civil rights movement. He organized a number of marches and protests and was a key figure in the U. His advocacy of peaceful protest has permeated into contemporary social justice movements. An hour later, King died at St. His death sparked a number of riots across the country. Ronald Reagan. King came from a comfortable middle-class family steeped in the tradition of the Southern black ministry: both his father and maternal grandfather were Baptist preachers.
Young Martin received a solid education and grew up in a loving extended family. This secure upbringing, however, did not prevent King from experiencing the prejudices then common in the South. He never forgot the time when, at about age six, one of his white playmates announced that his parents would no longer allow him to play with King, because the children were now attending segregated schools.
Dearest to King in these early years was his maternal grandmother, whose death in left him shaken and unstable. Race relations. United States. Civil rights. Web Site. Cite This Item Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
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Chicago citation style: Martin Luther King, Jr. More Archived Web Sites like this.
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Held at Shaw University, Raleigh, N. Date: AAHGS strives to preserve African-ancestored family history, genealogy, and cultural diversity by teaching research techniques and disseminating information throughout the community. AAHGS' primary goals are Serves the African ancestry research community by Contributor: Mississippi State University Date: Archived Web Site St. Louis Circuit Court Clerk invited the Missouri State Archives to initiate a project to preserve and make accessible the historical records under the clerk's control, which dated Contributor: State Archives - Missouri Date: He continues to be remembered as one of the most influential and inspirational African-American leaders in history.
Born as Michael King Jr. The King and Williams families had roots in rural Georgia.
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Martin Jr. Williams, was a rural minister for years and then moved to Atlanta in He took over the small, struggling Ebenezer Baptist church with around 13 members and made it into a forceful congregation.
He married Jennie Celeste Parks and they had one child that survived, Alberta. Michael King Sr. He married Alberta in after an eight-year courtship. The newlyweds moved to A. Williams' home in Atlanta. He too became a successful minister and adopted the name Martin Luther King Sr. In due time, Michael Jr.
The King children grew up in a secure and loving environment. Martin Sr. Though they undoubtedly tried, Martin Jr. Martin Luther King Sr. He strongly discouraged any sense of class superiority in his children which left a lasting impression on Martin Jr. The event was traumatic for Martin, more so because he was out watching a parade against his parents' wishes when she died. Distraught at the news, young Martin jumped from a second story window at the family home, allegedly attempting suicide. King attended Booker T.
Washington High School, where he was said to be a precocious student. He skipped both the ninth and eleventh grades, and entered Morehouse College in Atlanta at age 15, in He was a popular student, especially with his female classmates, but an unmotivated student who floated through his first two years.
Although his family was deeply involved in the church and worship, young Martin questioned religion in general and felt uncomfortable with overly emotional displays of religious worship. This discomfort continued through much of his adolescence, initially leading him to decide against entering the ministry, much to his father's dismay.
But in his junior year, Martin took a Bible class, renewed his faith and began to envision a career in the ministry. In the fall of his senior year, he told his father of his decision.
He thrived in all his studies, and was valedictorian of his class in , and elected student body president. He also earned a fellowship for graduate study. He became involved with a white woman and went through a difficult time before he could break off the affair. Mays was an outspoken advocate for racial equality and encouraged King to view Christianity as a potential force for social change. After being accepted at several colleges for his doctoral study, King enrolled at Boston University. During the work on his doctorate, King met Coretta Scott , an aspiring singer and musician at the New England Conservatory school in Boston.
He completed his Ph. King was only 25 years old. On March 2, , a year-old girl refused to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery city bus in violation of local law. Teenager Claudette Colvin was then arrested and taken to jail. At first, the local chapter of the NAACP felt they had an excellent test case to challenge Montgomery's segregated bus policy. But then it was revealed that Colvin was pregnant and civil rights leaders feared this would scandalize the deeply religious black community and make Colvin and, thus the group's efforts less credible in the eyes of sympathetic whites.
On December 1, , they got another chance to make their case. That evening, year-old Rosa Parks boarded the Cleveland Avenue bus to go home after an exhausting day at work. She sat in the first row of the "colored" section in the middle of the bus. As the bus traveled its route, all the seats in the white section filled up, then several more white passengers boarded the bus. The bus driver noted that there were several white men standing and demanded that Parks and several other African Americans give up their seats.
Three other African-American passengers reluctantly gave up their places, but Parks remained seated. The driver asked her again to give up her seat and again she refused. Parks was arrested and booked for violating the Montgomery City Code.
On the night that Rosa Parks was arrested, E. King was elected to lead the boycott because he was young, well-trained with solid family connections and had professional standing. But he was also new to the community and had few enemies, so it was felt he would have strong credibility with the black community. In his first speech as the group's president, King declared, "We have no alternative but to protest. For many years we have shown an amazing patience.