The end of history thesis

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His assumptions about culture and civilization are influenced by his belief in human progress and his concept of civilizational interaction linked to levels of development and modernization. Unable to display preview.


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Are Liberals on the Wrong Side of History?

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Hegel: End of History Thesis - Bibliography - PhilPapers

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Frank Fukuyama's book The End of History and the Last Man had profound and lasting impact with its declaration that science and technology, the growing global economy, and liberal democracy are leading history in a quite different direction than Marx and Hegel imagined.

In this revisit to those themes, Fukuyama examines conflict with and within Islam, the need for a diffuse form of global governance to deal with problems like climate change, and the deeper implications of biotechnology. Francis Fukuyama began by describing the four most significant challenges to the thesis in his famed book, The End of History and the Last Man. That connection is direct and reliable.

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Less direct and reliable, but very important, is the sequence from economic progress to the adoption of liberal democracy. Political modernization accompanies economic modernization. This is a deep force of history, the book claims.

History’s End? Francis Fukuyama’s Conception of the West

Fukuyama describes the rise of the idea of human rights in the West as a secularization of Christian doctrine. China and Russia will be a test of his thesis, Fukuyama said. They are getting wealthier.

Fukuyama is most intrigued by a challenge that comes from his old teacher and continuing friend, Samuel Huntington, author of The Clash of Civilizations. Culture can trump modernization, says Huntington— current radical Islam is an example.